home other history of religion in afghanistan

1/7Recognition of 7 religions in Afghanistan

On hearing the name of Afghanistan, the only thing that comes to mind is that it is a completely Islamic country. But it is not like that, at one time Afghanistan was a country of 7 religions, not one or two. It is believed that Zoroastrianism got a lot of preference in the early period of Afghanistan. So let’s talk about these 7 religions recorded in the past of Afghanistan in the pages of history. History experts get to know in detail from Sanoj Dwivedi…. Here is the special report of Priyanka Pandey on this subject:

2/7Hindu Religion

Talking about Hinduism, it was always in Afghanistan. Or rather if Afghanistan was a Hindu nation then it would not be wrong. Hindus are currently one of the largest religious minorities in Afghanistan. At the same time, between 1800 and 800 BC, the followers of Zoroastrianism reached Afghanistan and then for a long time the people of Hinduism and Zoroastrianism lived together. The founder of Zoroastrianism in Afghanistan was Zarathustra, who lived and died in Balkh while the area was then known as Ariana. Not only this, this was the time when Zoroastrianism was considered a very powerful religion.


Kanishka ruled Afghanistan before coming to India in 3100 BC. Buddhism had a profound influence on his life. This was the reason that wherever he went, he continued to spread Buddhism. An example of this is also seen in Kashmir. Where he organized the fourth Buddhist association in Kundal forest. This association was presided over by Vasumitra and Asvaghosha. In this council Buddhism split into two schools – Hinayana and Mahayana. Not only this, Kanishka also got all the statues of Buddhists made in Gandhara style installed in Afghanistan. The largest statues of Buddha were carved on the rock in the city of Bamiyan. However they were destroyed in 2001.


The Greeks came to Afghanistan in 320 BC. Sikander also reached Afghanistan first, he was also a Greek. From here Seleucus also attacked Chandragupta. But the followers of this religion also gradually went on migrating from Afghanistan. The only recognized church in Afghanistan is the Catholic Chapel, which is in the Italian Embassy. The local residents are not even allowed to go in it. Several sources claim that there is also a secret underground church built by Afghan Christians. According to statistics from the US State Department, an estimated size of 500-8000 people live in Afghanistan.


The home of the Jews is traditionally considered to be present-day Israel in West Asia which originated after 1947. In the medieval period, they started living in many areas of Europe, from where they had to face exile in the nineteenth century and gradually they migrated to many places. It is believed that during this time he also reached Afghanistan and India. Their history in Afghanistan is found to be more than 15 hundred years old. It is said that about two and a half thousand years ago, Jews started coming to India by sea as traders and refugees from southern Palestine (Judaea). During that time some Jews also settled in Afghanistan. However, there is a claim that at present there is not a single Jew in Afghanistan.

7/7Baha’i and Sikhism

Bahá’í Faith was founded by Bahá’u’lláh. According to the Bahá’í school, all human religions in the world have the same origin. According to this, many people propounded new religions to take the message of God to humans, which was necessary for that time and environment. Talking about Bahá’í and Sikhism in Afghanistan, it is believed that there were only names here. But both these religions have also been part of the religions believed in Afghanistan. According to reports, at present the number of people who believe in the Bahá’í religion in Afghanistan is said to be negligible. At the same time, the number of people of Sikh religion is said to be around 120 families including Kabul, Jalalabad and Kandahar.

Sanoj Trivedi